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29 th of May 2014

As part of "Omanuna Amanah" Campaign
A workshop for owners of scrap shops at OCCI Nizwa

Under the auspices of Sheikh Dr. Khalifa bin Hamad Al Saadi, Dahkilyah governor, and in the context of its activity in raising the community’s awareness of the importance of preserving the public utilities, the "Oman is a Trust We Should Maintain" campaign organized a workshop on the sale and trading of scrap at OCCI branch in Nizwa on 28th of May 2014. A number of representatives from ROP, the Ministry of Regional Municipalities & Water Resources, the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Muscat Electricity Distribution Company, Said Al Shahri Advocates and other authorities were present.  

The workshop began with displaying pictures of vandalism and burgling public utilities such electricity, water, sewage etc. Mazoon Electricity Company displayed a brief about the Oman is a Trust campaign and the strategy adopted to control this phenomenon.
Mazoon Electricity Company CEO Eng. Zaher bin Abdullah Al Abri, member of the main committee of scrap selling and trading and in-charge of the awareness campaign, delivered a speech in which he assured that the "Omanuna Amanah" campaign is the fruit of an initiative supported by 23 government and private establishments. He thanked the efforts made by royal Oman police and other authorities to control this phenomenon.
ROP developed a strategy to deal with this phenomenon. The strategy was adopted unanimously by government agencies and affected businesses. Given the fact that MEDC previously initiated a similar campaign, a committee, composed of participants, has entrusted MEDC with overseeing the current campaign, naming it "Omanuna Amanah"

The government agencies implement it since the end of 2012. MEDC has been entrusted with developing a national media campaign for a year as the company had a previous experience in the field of raising the community’s awareness of the impacts of vandalism. This campaign included press coverage and procedures to protect the company's assets.

The paper reviewed the ministerial decisions governing the business of scrap selling and trading based on the ministerial decisions issued by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources and the Diwan of Royal Court regarding Muscat Municipality. It also showed that the Ministerial Decision No. ( 62/2009 ) regulating the works of the companies and institutions involved in the business of collecting, buying , selling and exporting scrap iron. Article 1 has identified the conditions to be adhered to by the companies and organizations wishing to initiate this business. The conditions are to have a special and separate commercial register for this business; to have a fixed place; to record all scrap operations in a special book as per a model to be submitted to the competent authority when needed; the nature of the substances purchased shall not change only after obtaining the approval of the ROP; melted scrap shall not be purchased only after making sure of the source of the materials set out in the Appendix attached No. ( 163 / 2009) after obtaining the approval of the ROP.  Meanwhile, companies and institutions working in this field are given six months to adjust their positions to match the controls identified.

As explained in the paper, the Ministerial Decision No. (163/2009) regarding the regulation of the scrap collection and trading, issued by the Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources and the Local Order No. ( 1/2009 ) regulates the business in Muscat. It prohibits any activity related to scrap collection only after obtaining the license. The licensed business may not be practiced only within the approved industrial zones. The license may not be transferred from one person to another or from one location to another only after approval from the Municipality.
The paper pointed to the requirements of security and safety that requires all the vehicles used in the collection and transportation of scrap to be silver-colored, bearing the data of the business. Transit locomotives and trucks are excepted. Vehicles used in this business are strictly prohibited from driving after 9pm till 5am. The driver should be an Omani national cleared from the ROP. Article (7) requires the licensed companies to dye their vehicles and immediately register with the ROP
Article (8) The licensee shall record the data on persons who sell scrap according to the form prepared by ROP. Article (9) prohibits the purchase, sale and export of items listed in Annex attached to this decision only after obtaining a letter of no objection from the owner. Article (11) organizes the export of scrap.
The ROP prepared a form and circulated it to all licensed shops in all governorates of the Sultanate, providing that all licensed companies must get a prior consent and notify the ROP before proceeding with any action on the specimens contained in Annex. This means that it is not permissible for any company to export unless authorized by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. This requires minimizing as much as possible those companies. Companies shall notify customs before loading any goods in trucks for export. Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water ResourcesThen the Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources presented the legal action according to the Ministerial Decision regarding selling and trading of scrap. Municipal facilities are often vandalized and stolen result in many negative effects on all government and private sectors as well as the citizen. After studying the phenomenon, it has been found that it is closely associated with the business of scrap selling, trading and exporting.  Ministry of Commerce and IndustryAfter that, the Ministry of Trade and Industry introduced the laws and regulations of the sale and trading of scrap being the organizer of the business of collecting, buying, selling and export of iron scrap. The law requires a permit to work with the materials used to install electricity poles and light posts. The law prohibits buying any scrap of unknown source. Fines and even closure of the shop are penalties for violators. The law necessitates registering all scrap sale and trading transactions in a special book to be submitted to the competent authorities.
The law also prohibits trading in oil pipelines and equipment, electric and aluminum cables, light poles, phone cables, electrical transformers, sewage covers etc.
In the last paper, a lawyer at Al Shahri Advocates, reviewed the laws of the sale and trading of scrap from the standpoint of human rights and legal procedures that are applied to violators in accordance with the Omani Penal Code.  The workshop was concluded by answering the questions of those present.